Unique dual indexes allow you to increase the number of samples sequenced per run and reduce per-sample cost compared to other indexing strategies. With just one unique dual index plate, you can pool 96 samples together.
In addition to unique dual indexes, another strategy for dual index sequencing is to use combinatorial dual indexes. When preparing libraries for multiplexing, we recommend using unique dual indexes. With a dual-indexed library, the sequencing run includes two additional reads. The additional reads allow the post-run analysis software to demultiplex with increased accuracy.
To prevent repeated sequences in a well plate, unique dual indexing uses unique identifiers on both ends of the sample.
One unique dual index plate enables 96 samples to be pooled together using 96 unique index 1 (i7) adapters and 96 unique index 2 (i5) adapters.
With combinatorial dual indexes, sequences are repeated across the rows and columns of a well plate.
Indexing is limited to index combinations of 8 unique dual pairs, so the index adapters share some sequences. Most libraries share sequences on the i7 or i5 end.
The benefits of unique dual indexing include:
Learn more about how unique dual indexes can help ensure high accuracy on Illumina sequencing systems.View Bulletin
One unique dual index plate enables 96 samples to be pooled together. In contrast, combinatorial dual indexing is limited to index combinations of 8 unique dual pairs.
|Application||Library Prep Kits||Recommended Indexing Solutions|
|Whole-genome sequencing||Illumina DNP Prep||IDT for Illumina UD Indexes|
|RNA sequencing||Illumina Stranded mRNA Prep
Illumina Stranded Total RNA Prep
|IDT for Illumina – RNA|
|Amplicon sequencing||AmpliSeq for Illumina Panels||AmpliSeq UD Indexes for Illumina (for ≤ 24 samples)
AmpliSeq UD Indexes for Illumina (for > 24 samples)
|Targeted DNA enrichment||Illumina DNA Prep with Enrichment||IDT for Illumina Nextera UD Indexes|
We'll walk through your needs and make recommendations.
Unique dual indexes are useful when multiplexing to mitigate sample misassignment due to index hopping. UDIs can be especially effective when using instruments with patterned flow cells, such as the NovaSeq 6000 system.
Unique molecular identifiers have been shown to reduce the rate of false-positive variant calls and increase sensitivity of variant detection. They are useful for removing PCR duplicates in DNA and cDNA and for detection of low-frequency variants such as highly-multiplexed CNV detection. Learn more about unique molecular identifiers.
Generally speaking, dual indexing is the preferred route. Dual index sequencing does require extra cycles; however, the reagent kits supply enough to perform the extra cycles. You might still want to perform single indexing if:
The NovaSeq 6000 System unites the latest high-performance imaging with Illumina patterned flow cell technology. The updated flow cell design reduces spacing between nanowells, significantly increasing cluster density and data output.
This document contains the oligonucleotide sequences of Illumina adapters used in several Illumina library prep kits.
Learn about single-indexed and dual-indexed sequencing on Illumina instruments.
This document provides recommendations for optimizing color balance across all Illumina systems when pooling indexed libraries.
Find helpful resources and support information for IDT for Illumina unique dual indexes.